William Golding was born in Cornwall in 1911. During World War II, Golding served in the Royal Navy in command of a rocket ship. In 1939 he moved to Salisbury, where he began teaching English and philosophy. Lord of the Flies, his first novel, was published in 1954. It was filmed by Peter Brook in 1963. In 1980 he won the Booker Prize for his novel Rites of Passage. He retired from teaching in 1962. After that, he lived in Wiltshire, listing his recreations as music, sailing, archaeology and classical Greek. William Golding died in 1993.