English short story writer and novelist Doris Lessing was born in October 1919 in Iran, then known as Persia. She took a number of non-literary jobs after leaving school when she was 15. When her second marriage ended in 1949, she moved to London, where her first novel, The Grass is Singing, was published in 1950. She was shortlisted for the Booker Prize three times; Briefing for a Descent into Hell (1971); The Sirian Experiments (1981); and The Good Terrorist (1985) which was also awarded the WH Smith Literary Award. She was also twice shortlisted for the Man Booker International Prize (2005 and 2007). Lessing was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2007. Doris Lessing died on 17th November 2013 at her home in London, aged 94.