Ruth Prawer Jhabvala was born in May 1927 in Germany. In 1975, Jhabvala won the Booker Prize for her novel Heat and Dust, and in 1984 she won a BAFTA award for Best Screenplay for the Merchant Ivory filmed adaptation of Heat and Dust. In 1986, she received the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for A Room With a View and in 1990 she won the Best Screenplay Award from the New York Film Critics Circle for Mr.& Mrs. Bridge. Jhabvala received an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Howards End and was nominated for an Oscar for her adaptation of Kazuo Ishiguro’s The Remains of the Day. She won the Neil Gunn International Fellowship in 1978, the MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 1984 and was made a CBE in the 1998 New Year’s Honours List. Ruth Prawer Jhabvala died on 3 April 2013 at her home in New York aged 85.