Milan Kundera was born in Brno, Czechoslovakia, in 1929. He was a student when the Czech Communist regime was established in 1948. He later worked as a labourer, jazz musician and professor at the Institute for Advanced Cinematographic Studies in Prague. After the Russian invasion in August 1968, his books were proscribed. In 1975, he and his wife settled in France, and in 1981, he became a French citizen. His books include The Farewell Waltz (1972), The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1984), and Slowness and Ignorance (2000). Milan has also written a range of poems, plays and essays and has been nominated for the Man Booker International Prize and the Nobel Prize for Literature.